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Table of Contents > Drug > Acarbose Print

Acarbose

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Precose®
    • Brand Names: Canada: GlucobayT
    • Mexican Brand Names: Glucobay;Incardel;Sincrosa
    • Pharmacologic Category: Antidiabetic Agent, Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitor

    Uses
    • It is used to lower blood sugar in patients with high blood sugar (diabetes).
    • Acarbose slows the break down of sugar in your body.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • This drug may be used alone or with other high blood sugar (diabetes) drugs.
    • Take as you have been told, even if you are feeling better.
    • Take with the first bite of each meal.
    • Follow the diet and workout plan that your doctor told you about.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it, after a meal.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

    Safety



    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to acarbose or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you have any of these health problems: Diabetic acid problem, problems with food break down, inflammatory bowel disease, bowel block, liver disease, malabsorption syndrome, poor eating habits, or ulcers in the colon.
    • If you are breast-feeding.

    Precautions

    • Wear disease medical alert ID (identification).
    • Do not run out of this drug.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with your doctor.
    • Check your blood sugar as you have been told by your doctor.
    • Have your blood work checked often. Talk with your doctor.
    • Have an eye exam and visit the foot doctor every year.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • If you are taking this drug with other high blood sugar (diabetes) drugs, use glucose (dextrose, D-glucose) or milk to treat low blood sugar. Table sugar may not work as fast.
    • Avoid beer, wine, or mixed drinks.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.

    Side Effects

    • Belly pain.
    • Loose stools.
    • Gas.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Signs of infection. These include a fever of 100.5°F (38°C) or higher, chills, very bad sore throat, ear or sinus pain, cough, more sputum or change in color of sputum, pain with passing urine, mouth sores, wound that will not heal, or anal itching or pain.
    • Very low blood sugar or very high blood sugar.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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